Current Facts About HIV
Around 1.1 million folks in the U.S. are living with HIV right now. About 15 percent of these (1 in 7) do not know they’re infected.
In 2016, an estimated 38,700 Americans became newly infected with HIV.
Gay, bisexual, and men who have sex with men are in the high-risk group, and each year they are estimating 26,000 new cases of HIV infections. That case number needs to come down by getting individuals tested for HIV.
During 2017, new HIV diagnoses in the U.S. totaled 38,739 individuals. The annual estimate of new HIV diagnoses in the U.S. remained stable from 2012 to 2016.
HIV diagnoses aren’t evenly distributed across regions and states. Of the 38,739 new HIV diagnoses in the U.S in 2017, 19,968 (52 percent) were in the South and several rural areas.
Estimated New HIV Infections
New HIV infections refer to the estimated number of individuals that are newly infected with HIV during a year after being HIV tested, which differs from the number of individuals diagnosed with HIV in a year. (Some people can have HIV but not recognize it.)
According to the most recent HIV statistics from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention(CDC):
Approximately 38,700 people became recently infected with HIV in America in 2016. After around five years of steep falls, the number of annual HIV infections started to level off in 2013, to approximately 39,000 infections annually.
CDC concludes that the decline in HIV infections has plateaued because successful HIV prevention and treatment aren’t adequately reaching those who could most benefit from them. These gaps remain especially troublesome in rural areas and the South and one of the disproportionately affected populations like blacks/African Americans and Hispanics/Latinos.
By age group, between 2010-2016, the yearly number of HIV infections reduced between men aged 13–24 and 45–54 but raised between persons aged 25–34. The number of diseases remained steady among men aged 33-44 and ≥55 years.
By race/ethnicity, involving 2010-2016, the yearly number of new HIV infections reduced amongst whites, blacks/African Americans, and persons of multiple races and continued stable for Asians and Hispanics/Latinos.
By sex, between 2010-2016, the yearly number of new HIV infections reduced amongst females but remained regular among men.
By HIV Transmission group, involving 2010-2016, the yearly number of HIV infections decreased among female and male adults and adolescents with disease attributed to injection drug use, and among females with infection attributed to heterosexual contact. The yearly number of infections remained steady overall among men with illness attributed to male-to-male sexual contact, among men with illness attributed to male-to-male sexual contact and injection drug use, and among males and females with disease attributed to injection drug use.
There were differences by transmission and race/ethnicity groups.
People Receiving The HIV Diagnoses
HIV diagnosis refers to the number of individuals who have received an HIV diagnosis in a year, no matter how long ago they may have been infected. (Some individuals can live with HIV for years before they are diagnosed; others are diagnosed shortly after infection.)
According to the CDC Aids/ HIV Statistics
During 2017, 38,739 people got a new HIV diagnosis in the U.S. The yearly number of new HIV diagnoses remained steady between 2012 and 2016 in the U.S. and determined areas. But annual new diagnoses have increased among several groups.
Gay and Bisexual men would be the people most affected by HIV.
-Gay and bisexual men accounted for 66 percent (25,748) of all HIV diagnoses and 82 percent of HIV diagnoses among males.
-Black/African American bisexual men and gay accounted for the highest number of HIV diagnoses (9,807), followed by whites (6,982) and Hispanic/Latinos (7,436).
From 2012 to 2016:
Among all gay and bisexual men, HIV diagnoses remained steady, but trends varied by race/ethnicity:
-HIV diagnoses among white gay and bisexual guys decreased by 14%.
-HIV diagnoses between African American gay and bisexual men persisted steadily.
-HIV diagnoses among bisexual men and Hispanics/Latino gay increased by 12%.
Heterosexuals and those who inject drugs also continue to be affected by HIV.
-Heterosexuals accounted for 24 percent of HIV diagnoses.
-Heterosexual men estimated for 7% (2,829) of HIV diagnoses.
-Heterosexual women estimated for 16% (6,341) of all HIV diagnoses.
-Individuals who inject drugs accounted for 6 percent of HIV diagnoses.
From 2012 to 2016:
-HIV diagnoses among heterosexual women decreased by 8 percent.
-HIV diagnoses among heterosexual men reduced by 9%.
-HIV diagnoses among those who inject drugs dropped 17 percent
By race/ethnicity, Hispanics/Latinos and African Americans are disproportionately affected by HIV according to HIV statistics.
-African Americans accounted for 43 percent (16,694) of HIV diagnoses and 13 percent of the populace.
-Hispanics/Latinos accounted for 26 percent (9,908) of HIV diagnoses and 18 percent of the people.
From 2012 to 2016:
-HIV diagnoses among African Americans lowered by 5 percent.
-HIV diagnoses among Hispanics/Latinos stayed stable.
-HIV diagnoses among whites decreased by 8 percent.
There is not an even distribution in the U.S. by states or regions. In 2017, the South accounted for over half (52 percent) of the new HIV cases in the U.S., followed by the Northeast (16 percent), West (19 percent), and the Midwest (13 percent).
Most viruses are now deeply concentrated in specific local hot spots. Surprisingly, over 50% of the new HIV cases in 2016 and 2017 were from San Juan, Puerto Rico, Washington, D.C., and about 48 other counties in the US.
People Living With HIV Statistics
There are people in all 50 states and the District of Columbia:
-An estimated 1,122,900 adults and teens were living with HIV at the U.S. at the completion of 2015.
-About 14% (or 1 in 7) received a diagnosis, so we are unaware of the infection.
-Young people were the most expected to be unaware of the virus. In 2015, among individuals aged 13-24 who had been living with HIV, an estimated 51% did not know.
In 2015, amongst all adults and teenagers living with HIV (undiagnosed and diagnosed),
– 63% received some HIV medical treatment,
– 49% were kept in constant HIV care
– 51% of patients managed viral suppression (having only a minimum amount of the virus in your body)
A suppressed viral load protects the health of a person living with HIV, preventing disease development. A man living with HIV who chooses HIV medication as a daily dose and has and stays virally suppressed can remain healthy and has effectively no chance of sexually transmitted HIV to HIV-negative partners.
AIDS/ HIV Statistics On Diagnoses And Deaths
In 2017, 17,803 people in the U.S. and six dependent areas received a stage 3 (AIDS) analysis.
In 2016, there were 15,807 deaths amongst individuals with diagnosed HIV in America. Nearly half (47 percent) of those deaths were in the South; 3,630 (23 percent ) were in the Northeast; 2,604 (16 percent ) were in the West; 1,720 (11 percent ) were in the Midwest, and 379 (2 percent ) were in the U.S. dependent locations. These deaths may be attributed to any cause.
The ‘Ending the HIV Epidemic’ Initiative
Ending the HIV Epidemic: A Plan For America, declared by the President in his State of the Union address on February 5, 2019, is a challenging approach to eliminate new HIV infections in our state. So, its base on the following strategies:
Diagnosing all people with HIV as early as possible after infection.
Treating HIV rapidly and efficiently after diagnosis to attain sustained viral suppression.
Protecting people at risk for HIV using proven prevention approaches.
Responding quickly to detect and respond to developing HIV clusters and prevent new infections.
The proposed initiative is intended to increase the use of those strategies from the 48 counties with the highest HIV burden. San Juan, Puerto Rico; Washington, D.C.; and the seven States with the rural HIV problems. The aim is to reduce new HIV infections by 90 percent over ten years.